Internet of Things (IoT) is a paradigm shift, in which all inanimate and animate ‘things’, are connected and made intelligent while at the same time are embedded and part of the environment. IoT is an integrated technology composed of collaborative sensing, wireless (opportunistic) networking, pervasive computing, in-situ intelligence, sensor data analytics, and active interaction.
Although not an entirely new concept, it has recently gained much popularity especially because of its adoption in many domains, for example health, real-time monitoring and control, and logistics, and new prediction regarding an explosion in number of connected devices in coming years. Unlike their predecessor, i.e., wireless sensor network applications, IoT applications are not application specific, but domain specific and as such bring heterogeneity (in technology, use, requirements, etc), dynamicity, scale, autonomy, and adaptability challenges to a new dimension.
While currently there exist a number of solutions, architectures and platforms supporting co-creation of IoT eco-systems, the diversity and heterogeneity of technological solutions, application segments, requirements, and use cases make it difficult to identify which platform is the best suitable. The challenge is not only to select a platform that solves the interoperability and unification problem of existing IoT technologies and applications, but also the ones not yet foreseen.
This proposal aims to investigate and study the current IoT platforms, identify the required building blocks, design and develop the missing components, and show-case the final unified IoT platform and its potential for three different IoT application segments demonstrating different characteristics and properties.
Image: LindaInpijn (CC License)